Theme: The old covenant is a shadow of the new covenant (8:1-10:18; cf. 8:5; 9:9; 10:1).
I. The old covenant was lacking (8:1-13).
A. The promises of the new covenant are better (8:1-6).
B. The O.T. prophets anticipated a new covenant (8:7-12).
C. The old covenant became obsolete (8:13).
II. The new covenant gave full access to God (9:1-10).
A. The old covenant (outer tabernacle) could not give full access to God (9:1-5).
B. The new covenant (Holy of Holies) gave full access to God (9:6-10).
III. The sacrifice for the new covenant was offered in the heavenly tabernacle (9:11-14).
IV. The mediator of the new covenant had to die (9:15-22).
A. Christ had to die so we could receive our inheritance (9:15-17).
B. Death was necessary for cleansing (9:18-22).
V. The sacrifice for the new covenant is Christ Himself (9:23-28).
VI. The sacrifice for the new covenant is once-for-all-time (10:1-18).
Theme: Jesus is the Great High Priest
I. Draw near with confidence to your Great High Priest (4:14-16).
II. Jesus is the Perfect High Priest (5:1-10).
III. Be careful listeners of God’s Word (5:11-6:20).
IV. Jesus is the Forever High Priest (7:1-28).
A. Jesus is more faithful than Moses (3:1-6).
1. Moses was faithful in the house (3:1-5).
2. Jesus was faithful over the house (3:6).
B. Therefore do not harden your heart like Israel did (3:7-12).
C. Instead, encourage each other to enter God's rest (3:13-4:11).
1. Because there is still time (3:13).
2. Because we are partners with Christ (3:14).
3. Because God is angry towards sinners (3:16-4:11).
D. The Word of God is the key to entering God's rest (4:12-13).
1. The Word of God is alive (4:12).
2. The Word of God is effective (4:12).
3. The Word of God is sharp (4:12).
4. The Word of God condemns the heart (4:12).
5. God exposes the heart (4:13).
What is the Word of God? Hebrews 4:12-13 gives us five descriptions of the Word of God.
Jesus is Greater
Jesus is greater than angels
A. Because Jesus is God (1:1-4)
i. God has spoken
ii. God has spoken through a Son
B. Because Jesus is the Rightful King (1:5-6)
i. Jesus is the rightful Davidic King
ii. Angels will worship the rightful King
C. Because Jesus is the Righteous King (1:7-9)
i. Angels are merely agents of righteousness
ii. Jesus rules righteously
iii. Jesus loves righteousness
D. Because Jesus is the Eternal King (1:10-14)
i. Jesus was there at the foundation of the earth
ii. Jesus will outlast the earth
iii. Jesus will rule until His enemies submit
E. Response: Pay the greatest attention to the Message (2:1-4)
i. Because you may drift away
ii. Because there is no chance for escape
iii. Because the Message was confirmed.
F. Because all things will submit to Jesus (2:5-9)
i. Nothing can resist His rule
ii. One day all things will submit to Him
iii. All things will submit to Him because He tasted death for everyone.
G. Because God chose for Jesus to suffer (2:10-13)
i. God chose for Jesus to suffer because it is the only way.
ii. God chose for Jesus to suffer because we can relate to it.
H. Because Jesus has the power over death (2:14-18)
i. Through death Jesus won the victory
ii. Death enabled Jesus to be like His brothers